Attachment theory, rooted in the pioneering work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth, describes the ways in which we relate to others, especially in the context of close relationships. Among the different attachment styles that have been studied, one that often perplexes and concerns individuals is the avoidant anxiety attachment style. This article delves deep into understanding the intricacies of this particular style, exploring its origins, manifestations, and avenues for potential growth.

Origins of Avoidant Anxiety Attachment

Attachment styles typically form in early childhood, based on the nature and consistency of caregiving that one receives. The seeds of avoidant anxiety attachment are sown when caregivers are inconsistently available. That is, sometimes they might be responsive and at other times, distant or unavailable. This inconsistency can lead to confusion and an internal struggle where the child desires closeness but also learns to fear it, expecting rejection.

Manifestations in Adult Relationships

When individuals with avoidant anxiety attachment grow up, they carry with them an inner turbulence. This manifests in adult relationships in the following ways:

Reluctance to Get Close

Despite craving intimacy, they often keep people at arm’s length, fearing that getting too close will lead to rejection or hurt.


They are always on the lookout for signs of rejection or indifference, sometimes interpreting even neutral actions as signs of potential abandonment.


To protect themselves from perceived threats of abandonment, they might pride themselves on their independence, insisting that they don’t need anyone.

Suppressing Emotions

They often try to suppress or dismiss their feelings, especially the vulnerable ones, to protect themselves from getting hurt.

Skeptical of Genuine Affection

When partners or friends show genuine care, individuals with this attachment style might doubt its authenticity, always waiting for the “other shoe to drop.”

Navigating Relationships with Avoidant Anxiety Attachment

For partners or friends of those with an avoidant anxiety attachment style, it’s essential to understand that their behavior stems from deep-seated fears and not necessarily a genuine desire to keep distance. Here are some ways to navigate these relationships:

Be Consistent

Consistency in behavior can help break through their defenses. They need to understand that they won’t be abandoned at the first sign of conflict.

Open Communication

Talk about attachment styles. Understanding each other’s fears and needs can pave the way for deeper connection.

Seek Therapy

Individual or couples therapy can be beneficial. A therapist can provide tools and insights to help navigate the challenges of this attachment style.

Moving Forward: The Road to Secure Attachment

Is change possible? Absolutely. While our attachment styles are rooted in early experiences, they are not set in stone. Here’s how one can work towards a more secure attachment:


Recognizing and understanding one’s attachment style is the first step towards change.


A therapist can offer insights into the origins of one’s attachment style and provide tools to address its challenges.

Educate Yourself

Read up on attachment theory. Knowledge can be empowering and can provide a roadmap for change.

Seek Supportive Relationships

Surrounding oneself with understanding and supportive individuals can help in creating new attachment experiences.


What is the primary characteristic of avoidant anxiety attachment?

The main characteristic of avoidant anxiety attachment is a deep-seated fear of intimacy and rejection. While individuals with this attachment style deeply desire close relationships, they also fear them. This dichotomy leads to patterns of pushing people away while also yearning for connection.

How does avoidant anxiety attachment develop in childhood?

This attachment style typically develops due to inconsistent caregiving in early childhood. If a caregiver is sometimes responsive and nurturing, but at other times distant or dismissive, the child learns to be unsure of emotional support. Over time, the child may crave closeness but also becomes wary of it, fearing potential rejection or abandonment.

How can one identify if their partner has an avoidant anxiety attachment style?

Partners with avoidant anxiety attachment may showcase behaviors like hesitance to commit, reluctance to share deep feelings, hyper-vigilance about signs of rejection, and a tendency to prioritize independence. They might also question the authenticity of affection shown towards them, always expecting that they might get hurt.

Are there any advantages to having an avoidant anxiety attachment style?

While this attachment style can pose challenges in intimate relationships, it often stems from a self-protective mechanism. Individuals with this style might excel in self-reliance and independence. They can also be very observant, picking up on subtle cues in relationships. However, the key lies in balancing this independence with the ability to connect deeply with others.

Can one switch from an avoidant anxiety attachment style to a secure attachment style?

Yes, it’s possible to shift from an avoidant anxiety attachment style to a more secure one. This journey often involves self-awareness, therapy, and consciously cultivating healthier relationship patterns. Over time, with consistent effort and supportive relationships, an individual can develop a more secure way of relating to others.

How can therapy help individuals with avoidant anxiety attachment?

Therapy can provide a safe space for individuals to explore the roots of their attachment style. A therapist can offer insights, coping mechanisms, and strategies to build healthier relationship patterns. Therapy can also provide a corrective emotional experience, wherein individuals learn to trust and open up in a safe environment.

Do all individuals with avoidant anxiety attachment have troubled relationships?

Not necessarily. While the attachment style can pose challenges, many individuals find ways to navigate their relationships successfully. With understanding partners, open communication, and conscious effort, individuals with avoidant anxiety attachment can build fulfilling, lasting relationships. The key lies in recognizing the patterns and working towards addressing them.

Final Words

While avoidant anxiety attachment can pose challenges, it also offers an opportunity for profound personal growth. By understanding its roots and manifestations, individuals and their loved ones can navigate the complexities of intimacy with greater empathy and compassion.

Also Read: Freud to Flow: Discovering the Best Psychology Books for Personal Growth

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