Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that involves challenges in falling asleep, maintaining sleep, or waking up early and being unable to go back to sleep. Experiencing insomnia can significantly affect your daily activities, leading to tiredness, mood changes, and reduced performance in work or school settings.

Getting professional assistance through Telapsychiatry is essential to uncover and effectively deal with the root causes of your insomnia.

Our mental health experts are dedicated to assisting you throughout your treatment process. Our goal is to alleviate the impact of insomnia, helping you regain command over your life.

Symptoms of Insomnia

The main signs of insomnia are:

  • Trouble getting to sleep at night
  • Frequently waking up in the night and struggling to fall back asleep
  • Waking up earlier than desired in the morning
  • Having difficulty concentrating or focusing on tasks
  • More mistakes or accidents happening
  • Persistent concerns about sleeping patterns
  • Feeling unrefreshed after sleeping
  • Feeling tired or sleepy during the day
  • Experiencing mood changes like irritability, depression, or anxiety

Recognizing these symptoms is crucial for identifying insomnia and seeking appropriate treatment to improve sleep quality and overall well-being.

Causes & Risk Factors of Insomnia

Many factors, including lifestyle choices, health conditions, and mental health issues, can trigger insomnia. Common causes and risk factors for insomnia are:

  • Stress: Concerns about work, school, health, or family matters can make it hard to relax and fall asleep.
  • Inconsistent sleep habits: Varying sleep times, engaging in stimulating activities before bed, and sleeping in an uncomfortable environment can lead to insomnia.
  • Mental health issues: Conditions like anxiety and depression can affect regular sleep.
  • Health problems: Issues that cause chronic pain or breathing difficulties can disrupt sleep.
  • Certain medications: Some medications, whether prescription or over-the-counter, might have insomnia as a side effect.
  • Stimulants like caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol: Using these substances, especially in the evening, can interfere with sleep.
  • Age-related changes: As people get older, they might experience shifts in their sleep patterns, which can cause insomnia.

Understanding these factors is critical to addressing and managing insomnia effectively.

Diagnosing Insomnia

Typically, a healthcare professional diagnoses insomnia with a thorough evaluation.

Sometimes, you might be sent to a sleep expert for a more detailed analysis. This can include an overnight sleep study (polysomnography) to track your sleep habits and pinpoint other sleep disorders. 

Or you may be given the option to conduct a sleep study at home. This isn’t as in-depth as an overnight sleep study at a clinic, but it can provide valuable diagnostic information. 

Types of Insomnia

Insomnia can be categorized into various types of sleep disorders based on its origin, duration, and characteristics.

When classified by duration, there are three types: transient insomnia, which lasts under a month; short-term insomnia, lasting from one to six months; and chronic insomnia, which continues for over six months.

In terms of cause, insomnia is either primary or secondary. 

  • Primary insomnia stands alone and is not linked to any other health issue. 
  • Secondary, or co-morbid insomnia, happens alongside another medical or mental health condition.

Specific kinds of insomnia include:

  • Onset insomnia, which involves difficulty falling asleep.
  • Maintenance insomnia, which is having trouble staying asleep.
  • Behavioral insomnia in childhood, characterized by resistance to bedtime, delayed sleep onset, or frequent night awakenings, affects about 25% of children.

There's also mixed insomnia, which is a blend of different insomnia types.

Treating Insomnia

There are various treatment methods to address insomnia, tailored to the root causes and how severe your symptoms are. Your healthcare provider might suggest one or more of these strategies.


Sometimes, to assist with managing insomnia, your doctor might prescribe medications. This could involve short-term sleep aids like benzodiazepines, non-benzodiazepine hypnotics, or medicines that affect melatonin receptors.

If your insomnia is connected to a mental health issue, antidepressants or anxiety medicines might be recommended. Your healthcare provider will work with you to select the most suitable medication and dose for your situation.


Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, is a beneficial method for treating insomnia, especially when it's linked to stress or psychological problems.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) is a tailored version of CBT aimed at recognizing and modifying negative thoughts and actions that affect sleep. 

Techniques used in CBT-I may involve limiting sleep time, controlling stimuli, training in relaxation methods, and educating about proper sleep habits.

Lifestyle Changes & Modifications

Along with professional guidance, adopting certain lifestyle habits can help control insomnia. Consider the following changes:

  • Maintain a consistent sleep routine: Set a fixed time for bed and waking up, depending on weekdays and weekends.
  • Develop a soothing pre-sleep ritual: Prioritize relaxing activities like reading, enjoying a warm bath, or relaxation exercises before bedtime.
  • Optimize your sleeping area: Ensure your bedroom is dark, quiet, and at a pleasant temperature. Choose a comfortable mattress and pillows.
  • Reduce screen time before sleep: The blue light from phones, tablets, and computers can disrupt sleep patterns.
  • Exercise regularly: Target at least 150 minutes of moderate activity each week, but refrain from exercising too close to your bedtime.
  • Manage stress effectively: Incorporate stress-relief practices such as meditation, deep breathing, or yoga.
  • Limit intake of caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol: Try to avoid these substances, especially during the evening hours.

By making these lifestyle changes, you can set up a better environment for good sleep, along with any advice or treatments from a professional.

Managing Insomnia with Telapsychiatry

If you're experiencing insomnia, it's important to consult a healthcare expert. Getting help early on can enhance treatment effectiveness and boost your quality of life.

As the mental health landscape evolves, our commitment to delivering the highest quality of care remains the same.

We're here to support you through your journey toward improved mental well-being. Call us at 888-903-5505 or schedule an appointment online.

At Telapsychiatry, our commitment is to offer you thorough individualized care that meets your needs.

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